National Kidney Month serves as a vital opportunity to extend a gentle reminder about the importance of kidney health. During this month, the focus is on education, promoting healthy lifestyle habits, and encouraging regular screenings for those who may be at risk. The campaign is designed to create awareness in a soft and inclusive manner, incorporating various events, educational programs, and outreach activities to ensure that the message reaches a broad audience.

Problems that Kidney Disease may Cause:

1.Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD):

ICD-10 Code: N18.x (The x represents the stage of CKD, ranging from 1 to 5)

2.Acute Kidney Injury (AKI):

ICD-10 Code: N17.x (The x represents the stage of AKI, ranging from 1 to 3)

3.End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD):

ICD-10 Code: N18.6


ICD-10 Code: N05.x (The x represents the specific type of glomerulonephritis)

5.Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD):

ICD-10 Code: Q61.2

6.Hypertensive Kidney Disease:

ICD-10 Code: I12.x (The x represents the stage of hypertensive kidney disease)

7.Diabetic Nephropathy:

ICD-10 Code: E11.2

8.Nephrotic Syndrome:

ICD-10 Code: N04.x (The x represents the specific type of nephrotic syndrome)

9.Renal Tubular Acidosis (RTA):

ICD-10 Code: N25.x (The x represents the specific type of RTA)

10.Renal Calculi (Kidney Stones):

ICD-10 Code: N20.x (The x represents the specific type of renal calculus)

Early Detection Methods:

Early Detection Tests and Codes:A

1.Blood Tests:

Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN): Code – 84520

Serum Creatinine: Code – 82565

Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR): Code – 82565 (calculated based on creatinine levels)


Urine Albumin-to-Creatinine Ratio (ACR): Code – 82043

Urine Protein Test: Code – 84156

3.Imaging Studies:

Ultrasound: Code – 76700

CT Scan or MRI: Code – Varied

4.Kidney Biopsy:

In certain cases, a kidney biopsy may be recommended for a more detailed examination.

5.Blood Pressure Monitoring:

Regular monitoring of blood pressure, with a target of maintaining it within a healthy range.

Risk Factors:

1.Diabetes Mellitus:

ICD-10 Code: E11.x (The x represents the specific type of diabetes, such as E11.0 for Type 2 diabetes mellitus with hyperosmolarity)

2.Hypertension (High Blood Pressure):

ICD-10 Code: I10 (Essential (primary) hypertension)

3.Family History of Kidney Disease:

ICD-10 Code: Z83.5 (Family history of diseases of the genitourinary system)


There is no specific ICD-10 code for age as a risk factor. However, advanced age is generally considered a risk factor for kidney diseases.


ICD-10 Code: Z72.0 (Tobacco use)


ICD-10 Code: E66.x (The x represents the specific type of obesity, such as E66.01 for morbid (severe) obesity due to excess calories)

7.Cardiovascular Disease:

ICD-10 Code: I00-I99 (Codes for cardiovascular diseases, depending on the specific condition)

8.Autoimmune Diseases (e.g., Lupus):

ICD-10 Code: M32.x (The x represents the specific subtype of systemic lupus erythematosus)

8.Chronic Urinary Tract Infections:

ICD-10 Code: N39.0 (Urinary tract infection, site not specified)

9.Exposure to Nephrotoxic Medications:

ICD-10 Code: Z51.8 (Encounter for other specified aftercare)

Symptoms of Kidney Problems:

  1. Changes in Urination: Blood in urine (hematuria), Foamy or bubbly urine, Frequent urge to urinate, especially at night, Difficulty or pain during urination.
  2. Swelling and Fluid Retention: Swelling in the ankles, legs, or face (edema), Unexplained weight gains due to fluid retention.
  3. Fatigue and Weakness:Persistent fatigue and weakness, even with adequate rest.
  4. Shortness of Breath: Difficulty breathing, particularly when lying down.
  5. High Blood Pressure: Elevated blood pressure or a sudden increase in blood pressure.
  6. Back Pain:Pain or discomfort in the back, usually near the kidneys.
  7. Changes in Appetite: Loss of appetite or unexplained weight loss.
  8. Itching and Skin Rashes: Persistent itching, often accompanied by dry skin or rashes.
  9. Metallic Taste: A metallic taste in the mouth or ammonia-like breath odor.
  10. Nausea and Vomiting: Frequent nausea and vomiting, especially in the morning.

Ways to keep kidney healthy:

1. Stay Hydrated:

  • Drink an adequate amount of water throughout the day to help flush out toxins and prevent the formation of kidney stones.
  • Adjust your fluid intake based on your activity level, climate, and individual needs.

2. Follow a Balanced Diet:

  • Consume a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins.
  • Limit salt intake to help control blood pressure and reduce the risk of kidney problems.
  • Moderate consumption of animal proteins to avoid putting excessive strain on the kidneys.

3. Manage Blood Pressure:

  • Monitor and manage blood pressure regularly, as hypertension is a leading cause of kidney problems.
  • Adopt a low-sodium diet, engage in regular exercise, and consider medications if prescribed by a healthcare professional.

4. Control Blood Sugar level:

  • Maintain stable blood sugar levels, especially for individuals with diabetes.
  • Follow a balanced diet, exercise regularly, and take prescribed medications as directed.

5. Maintain a Healthy Weight:

  • Achieve and maintain a healthy weight through a combination of a balanced diet and regular physical activity.
  • Obesity is a risk factor for kidney disease, so weight management is essential.

6. Exercise Regularly:

  • Engage in regular physical activity to promote overall health and well-being.
  • Exercise helps control weight, manage blood pressure, and improve cardiovascular health, all of which contribute to kidney health.

7. Avoid Smoking:

  • Quit smoking if you currently smoke, as smoking can damage blood vessels and decrease blood flow to the kidneys.

8. Limit Alcohol Consumption:

  • Consume alcohol in moderation, as excessive alcohol intake can contribute to kidney damage.

9. Be Mindful of Over-the-Counter Medications:

  • Use over-the-counter medications, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), cautiously and under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

10. Know Your Family History:

  • Be aware of your family’s medical history, especially concerning kidney diseases, and inform your healthcare provider.


In conclusion, it’s crucial to understand that although these risk factors are linked to kidney diseases, having one or more of them doesn’t automatically mean someone will develop kidney problems. Regular health check-ups and proactive management of these risk factors can contribute to lowering the likelihood of kidney disease. Healthcare providers often use a combination of codes to accurately represent a patient’s health profile, allowing for comprehensive and personalized care.

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