Dialysis is a medical procedure used to artificially filter and purify the blood when the kidneys are unable to perform their normal function.The three main types of dialysis are hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD), and home hemodialysis (HHD). Each type has specific billing codes used for reimbursement purposes in medical billing and coding systems. The codes may vary depending on the healthcare setting, geographic location, and specific details of the procedure.

1.Hemodialysis (HD):

  • CPT (Current Procedural Terminology) Code for In-Center Hemodialysis: 90935 (Hemodialysis procedure with single physician evaluation).
  • CPT Code for Home Hemodialysis: 90963 (Hemodialysis procedure in the home).

2.Peritoneal Dialysis (PD):

  • CPT Code for Peritoneal Dialysis: 90945 (Dialysis procedure other than hemodialysis (e.g., peritoneal dialysis, hemofiltration, or other continuous renal replacement therapies)).
  • HCPCS (Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System) Code for Peritoneal Dialysis Supplies: A9150 (Peritoneal dialysis set).

3.Home Hemodialysis (HHD):

  • CPT Code for Home Hemodialysis: 90963 (Hemodialysis procedure in the home).
  • HCPCS Code for Home Hemodialysis Machine: E1639 (Hemodialysis machine used at home).


  1. Fluid and Electrolyte Balance: By preventing excess fluid accumulation, dialysis averts complications like edema, high blood pressure, and heart failure.
  2. Removal of Waste Products: Dialysis eliminates toxins and metabolic byproducts from the blood that failing kidneys cannot expel, preventing severe health issues.
  3. Symptom Relief: Alleviating symptoms like fatigue, nausea, shortness of breath, and confusion, dialysis significantly enhances the overall quality of life for kidney disease patients.
  4. Treatment for Kidney Failure: Dialysis is useful for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or acute kidney injury (AKI) to maintain fluid and electrolyte balance, removing waste products when the kidneys fail. It is especially vital in cases of chronic kidney disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, trauma, infections, or medical treatments.
  5. Functional Support: In AKI cases, dialysis acts as temporary kidney support until recovery.
  6. End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD): For ESRD, where kidney function is permanently lost, dialysis becomes a long-term necessity.


  1. Not a Cure: Dialysis is not a cure for kidney disease; it is a life-sustaining treatment. It does not restore full kidney function but helps manage critical aspects of kidney failure.
  2. Dependency: Individuals with end-stage renal disease often become dependent on regular dialysis sessions, typically multiple times a week, for the rest of their lives unless they receive a kidney transplant.
  3. Quality of Life: While dialysis improves symptoms and prolongs life, it may impact the overall quality of life due to the time and effort required for treatments and potential side effects.
  4. Risk of Complications: Dialysis carries the risk of complications, such as infections, cardiovascular issues, and other side effects mentioned earlier.

Side Effects

Hemodialysis (HD) Side Effects:

  • Code: VA (Vascular Access) Issue: Problems like blockage at the entry point.
  • Code: MC (Muscle Cramps): Muscle discomfort may occur.
  • Code: LBP (Low Blood Pressure): Episodes of dizziness, weakness, or nausea.
  • Code: BL (Blood Loss): Possibility of minor bleeding.

Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) Side Effects:

  • Code: HN (Hernia): Weakness in abdominal muscles, potentially leading to a lump or swelling.
  • Code: WG (Weight Gain): Possible increase in body weight.

Common Side Effects for Both HD and PD:

  • Code: ISBP (Infection – Skin, Blood, Peritoneum): Risk of infections, untreated cases may lead to severe conditions like sepsis.
  • Code: FGT (Fatigue): Tiredness, especially for long-term dialysis patients; challenging to distinguish from long-term kidney disease symptoms.
  • Code: SKIT (Itchy Skin): Skin itching, prevalent in advanced kidney disease stages and dialysis; challenging to distinguish from long-term kidney disease symptoms.

In conclusion, dialysis help live 10 -20 years actively but it can’t do everything that once a normal kidney did. You can stop dialysis once your transplanted kidney begins to work. Though dialysis is not a full cure but a effective way to replace the work of non-functioning kidneys.

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